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European Beech Timber

Timbersource are a leading online European Beech timber merchant in the UK.
Take a look at the benefits of European Beech timber and how to order, below.

What is European Beech Timber?

European Beech Timber is imported square edged and sometimes log sawn (waney-edge). Beech timber is prone to heavy movement down to the denseness of the wood and also stresses within the timber that occur after machining. Unsteamed/Lightly Steamed is usually paler and stocked as kiln dried.

European Beech timber is used for Joinery - Interior, Furniture, Flooring, Doors, Flooring, Paneling, Brush Handles, Turning, Food Storage/Containers and many more. Standard sawn thicknesses: 24mm, 36mm, 48mm, 64mm, 80mm. Lengths range from 2m to 4m approximately.



The Tree

Latin name Fagus sylvatica.

Also known as European Beech.  

Beech has been called the mother of the forest, since without it in mixed broad-leaved forests, other hardwood timber trees would have greater difficulties for survival. The rain drip from beech destroys many soil-exhausting weeds, its shade prevents over-evaporation of moisture from the soil, and its heavy crop of leaves provides humus to the soil. In close forest, it can reach a height of 45m with a clear bole of 1 5m but on average this is usually about 9m with a diameter averaging 1.2m occasionally more.


The Timber

Normally, there is no clear distinction by colour between sapwood and heartwood, the wood being very pale brown when freshly cut, turning reddish-brown on exposure, and deep reddish-brown under the influence of steaming treatment commonly applied in parts of the Continent before shipment. Some logs show an irregular, dark reddish-coloured kern or heart, caused it is believed, by the effect of severe frosts, and occurring more frequently in Continental beech. The wood is typically straight grained, with a fine, even texture, but varying in density and hardness according to the locality of growth. Thus, beech from central Europe, notably that from Yugoslavia (Slavonian), and that from Romania is milder and lighter in weight, about 672 kg/m³, than beech from Britain, Denmark and northern Europe, which weighs about 720 kg/m³ when dried.


Strength and Durability

Green beech has general strength properties roughly equal to those of oak, but after drying, most values increase, and beech is stronger than oak in bending strength, stiffness and shear by some 20 per cent, and considerably stronger in resistance to impact loads.

European Beech is not durable and is slightly/non-resistant to heartwood decay. European Beech is liable to attack by the common furniture beetle and longhorn beetle and is permeable for preservation.


Physical Properties

Beech varies somewhat in its ease of working and machining according to growth characteristics and dried condition. Thus, fairly tough material, or badly dried stock may tend to bind on the saw, or burn when cross-cut, or, if distorted due to drying provide difficulties in planing. On the whole, it works fairly readily, and is capable of a good smooth surface. Beech turns well, takes glue readily, and takes stains and polish satisfactorily. It produces excellent veneer. Good for nailing/screwing but should be pre-bored.

European Beech has good overall strength, excellent shock resistance and good resistance to abrasive wear. European Beech also excellent for bending. 


Timbersource are a leading online timber merchant in the UK, supplying European Beech timber to the joinery, carpentry, construction and building trade at competitive prices. To Contact Us click HERE



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Timbersource Ltd.

Quarry Way, Waterlip,
Shepton Mallet, Somerset,
United Kingdom